Optical illusions have a way of breaking the internet, and the latest visual trick looks like it’s well on its way. On Sunday afternoon, game developer Will Kerslake tweeted a picture of intersecting gray lines on a white background. Twelve black dots blink in and out of existence where the gray lines meet. In the six hours since he posted the photo to Twitter, it’s been shared more than 6,000 times, with commenters demanding to know why they can’t see all 12 dots at the same time.
The optical illusion was first posted to Facebook about a day ago by Japanese psychology professor Akiyoshi Kitaoka, and it has been shared more than 4,600 times so far. But the origin of this bit of visual trickery is a scientific paper published in the journal Perception in 2000.
In this optical illusion, the black dot in the center of your vision should always appear. But the black dots around it seem to appear and disappear. That’s because humans have pretty bad peripheral vision. If you focus on a word in the center of this line you’ll probably see it clearly. But if you try to read the words at either end without moving your eyes, they most likely look blurry. As a result, the brain has to make its best guess about what’s most likely to be going on in the fuzzy periphery — and fill in the mental image accordingly.
This article is about pathological liars in general, but actually very helpful in this political season
8 Triangulating Tactics of the Pathological Liar
Do you know someone who engages in telling multiple lies, even when you or someone else has caught them? Do you know someone who seems to manipulate others with his or her lies? If so, this article is for you.
As a therapist working with children and adolescents, I have seen my fair share of lies and juvenile delinquent behaviors which included pathological lies. Although we have all had to tell a “while lie” or two or minimize a situation to keep the peace, pathological liars lie for the simple fact of pleasure, manipulation, or to get what they want. To make matters worse, some pathologically lie for no apparent reason. Sadly, mental health professionals are largely uninformed about this insidious and evil behavior. We lack research and knowledge about pathological lying and have been unable, for centuries, to explain why it happens and how it develops.
As a result, society remains very uninformed about pathological lying and is often shocked when someone close (a family member, friend, co-worker, etc.) begins sharing their lies and untruths.
This article will highlight some of the common behaviors of pathological liars. I will also explain triangulation.
Triangulation can be defined as any behavior that misleads, confuses, or damages the relationship between the communicator and more than 1 other person. In other words, triangulation is a tactic someone may use to control, manipulate, misinform, or deceive. The interaction typically includes 2 or more people. As discussed in a previous article, triangulation is not always an intentional behavior. Sometimes triangulation occurs because of misinformation, rumors, or confusion. But in the lives of pathological liars triangulation is likely to be a tool used by the liar to keep confusion going. Pathological liars are difficult to deal with because they often use (sometimes unintentionally) a variety of tactics to keep us all confused. Some tactics used include:
More at the link